After a Stroke
Complications after a stroke are not uncommon. Some happen as a direct
result of injury to the brain due to the stroke, others may because of
a change in abilities. Clinical depression can also occur with a stroke.
The most common complications are:
Brain edema (swelling of the brain)
- Clinical Depression
Limb contractures—shortened muscles in tn arm or leg from reduced range of motion
or lack of exercise
Shoulder pain—from lack of support of arm. It usually is caused when the affected
arm hangs resulting in pulling of the arm on the shoulder
Deep venous thrombosis—blood clots form in veins in the legs because of immobility
Urinary tract infection and bladder control—urgency and incontinence
Medical treatment may include medical supervision and drug therapies.
Physical therapy may be prescribed for range of motion exercises and to
avoid limb contracture and shoulder pain. Swallowing and respiratory therapy
may be prescribed to decrease the risk of pneumonia. Bladder training
programs may help with incontinence.
Psychological treatment may include antidepressant medication, psychotherapy
or a combination of both.